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DQS allows you to view dollar amount finance data in nominal or real terms.

Notes for Use

Select "Nominal" to view the data in current dollars (e.g., not adjusted for inflation). Select "Real (2013 dollars)" to view data in constant 2012 dollars (e.g., adjusted for inflation).

Data Availability

Data are available for 1977-2012.

Technical Notes

Finance data are adjusted to 2013 dollars using the Consumer Price Index (CPI) from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The parameters for the CPI used are Not Seasonally Adjusted, All-Urban Consumers, All Cities Average, and All Items. Data are for the calendar year of the finance data.


  1. Government Finance and Employment Classification Manual, http://www2.census.gov/govs/pubs/classification/2006_classification_manual.pdf.
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of State and Local Government Finances and Census of Governments (1977-2013).
  3. U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Statistics, Consumer Price Index, http://www.bls.gov/cpi.
  4. Individual State Descriptions: 2012, http://www2.census.gov/govs/cog/2012isd.pdf.